Why Does A Magnet Have Magnetism

magnetic field

There is a magnetic field around the magnet.

There is a magnetic field around the magnet, and the interaction between the magnets is mediated by the magnetic field. The magnetic field is a kind of special material that can not be seen or touched. The magnetic field is not composed of atoms or molecules, but it exists objectively. The magnetic field has the radiation characteristics of wave particles.

Since the magnetism of a magnet originates from current, which is the motion of charge, it is generally said that the magnetic field is generated by moving charge or changing electric field.

There is a magnetic field around the rare earth magnet. The interaction between the magnets is mediated by the magnetic field, so the two magnets can work without contacting.

Magnetic field characteristics

A magnetic field is a substance that exerts a magnetic force on the magnet placed in it. The basic characteristic of the magnetic field is that it can exert a force on the moving charges, that is, the electrified conductor is subjected to the force of the magnetic field in the magnetic field. This is why the magnetic field acts on the current, the force on the magnet or the force distance.

The magnetic field is a kind of special material that can not be seen or touched. The magnetic field is not composed of atoms or molecules, but it exists objectively. The magnetic field has the radiation characteristics of wave particles.

Charge and current movement produces the magnetic field

Principle of magnetic field generation

Modern physics has proved that the ultimate structure of any substance is composed of electrons (with unit negative charge), protons (with a unit positive charge) and neutrons (with an external display of electric neutrality). A point charge is a material point containing excess electrons (with unit negative charge) or protons (with a unit positive charge). Therefore, the reason why current produces magnetic field can only be attributed to the magnetic field generated by moving electrons.

Charge movement produces a magnetic field, electric current also produces the magnetic field. There are magnetic fields around the wires. Unlike atoms, the magnetic field is invisible and intangible. It generates magnetic field conditions. Charge movement is just like the principle that weight is absorbed on the earth.

magnetic field

The magnetic field is energetic.

The magnetic field generated by moving charge or changing electric field, or the total magnetic field is a passive and rotating vector field, and the magnetic lines are closed curve clusters, uninterrupted and uncrossed. The magnetic field is a rotational field rather than a potential field (conservative field), and there is no scalar function similar to the potential.

The electric field is an active irrotational vector field.

Geomagnetic field

The earth’s magnetic field comes from the inner part of the earth. The solid is surrounded by molten liquid iron and nickel. The movement of the earth’s center in the liquid metal produces electric current and forms the earth’s magnetic field. The magnetic field shielded the cosmic rays, mainly attacked by solar storms, and protected the continuity of life on Earth. Scientists have found that when volcanic magma solidifies, iron is always arranged in the direction of the magnetic field. Experts call this phenomenon geodynamics, and the earth’s magnetic field is dominated by the earth’s power.

Author: Maria Higgins

Welcome! I am a Standford Magnets engineer with over 10 years dedication to the R&D of licensed Rare-earth permanent magnets, Neodymium magnets and SmCo magnets, ceramic magnets, flexible magnets and magnetic assemblies since the mid of the 1980s. I shall keep you well informed of the leading-edge knowledge in the Magnets world.

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