Arc segment motor magnet has the advantages of easy manufacture and low cost compared with radial ring magnets. It’s still the most common motor magnet shape, especially for PM DC motor and magnet rotor.
As we all know, a permanent Magnet is the core of a PM motor.
In order to ensure the steadily electrical performance and long-term safe and reliable operation of electric vehicles, it requires the magnetic property of permanent magnet material remain stable. Considering magnetic performance is influenced by the work environment, temperature, and time, the reliability of permanent motor magnets can be divided into thermal stability, time stability, chemical stability, and magnetic stability.
1. Temperature stability can be shown by Curie temperature and the maximum operating temperature. As the temperature rises, the magnetic properties gradually reduce. When raises to a certain temperature, the magnetization disappears. This certain temperature is the Curie temperature of the permanent magnet materials, also known as the Curie point. The deficiency of NdFeB permanent magnet is relatively low Curie temperature, but higher temperature coefficient. Therefore neodymium magnets will be lost much magnetic force if work under high temperatures. Due to the high-temperature coefficient of the NdFeB permanent magnet, the magnetic properties are poor. To this end, it must pay more attention to Max. working temp. of sintered NdFeB magnet when you select a magnet grade. The test method of magnet temperature stability is the aging test
2. Chemical stability refers to the anti-oxidation and corrosion-resistant of the permanent magnet material. Compared with the traditional ferrite or samarium cobalt (Smco) or alnico magnets, the chemical stability of sintered NdFeB magnet is the worst. Currently, the primary solution is adding some alloy elements such as Co, Ni, Al, and Cr, etc., while in the sintering process, increasing the density and reducing the porosity of magnetic material. Another approach is to make certain magnet surface treatments such as electroplating. This can obtain a practical corrosion resistance for the magnet.
3. Time stability is putting the permanent magnet at a certain temperature for a long time, observing the change of its magnetic properties over time. These NdFeB permanent magnets added Co + Dy + Nb will obtain better time stability.
4. Magnetic stability is based on the magnetic material and is also affected by temperature, time, external magnetic field, chemical corrosion, radiation, mechanical vibration or shock, and other factors.
Compared with electromagnetic, we can list more advantages of segment arc motor magnet:
1. Simplify the structure of the motor
2. Easy maintenance
4. Small volume
5. Operational reliability
6. low energy consumption
How to choose motor segment material?
For traditional AC motors, ferrite and AlNiCo segment magnets are most applied. With the higher request for motor power, more and more motor manufacturers use NdFeB and SmCo magnets which have super high magnetic energy products. However, they are more expensive because neodymium magnet and samarium cobalt magnet segments belong to rare earth magnet.
How do join neodymium arc magnets, which are diameter magnetized, to create a cylindrical ring that is radially magnetized?
The general approach is to make a sleeve or frame to put neo arc magnets in that will keep them in order and don’t jump around. The sleeve here has to be made of something sturdy and nonmagnetic, such as aluminum, copper, or Q235 low carbon steel. Due to a strong repelling force, it’s better to operate by those experienced workers. If you are the first time assembling segment magnets, just be careful. Halbach array magnets also utilize a frame or other tools to overcome the strong magnetic repulsive force between the same pole sides of two magnets and keep them fixed together.